Mental Health and Illness

Mental Health

The Public Health Agency of Canada defines positive mental health as:

“the capacity of each and all of us to feel, think, act in ways that enhance our ability to enjoy life and deal with the challenges we face. It is a positive sense of emotional and spiritual well-being that respects the importance of culture, equity, social justice, interconnections and personal dignity.”

Institutional links. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2017, from

Mental Illness

“Mental illnesses are characterized by alterations in thinking; mood or behaviour associated with significant distress and impaired functioning. They result from complex interactions of biological, psychosocial, economic and genetic factors. Mental illnesses can affect individuals of any age; however, they often appear by adolescence or early adulthood. There are many different types of mental illnesses, and they can range from single, short-lived episodes to chronic disorders.”

Canada, P. H. (2015, July 23). Report from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System: Mental Illness in Canada, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2017, from