The Public Health Agency of Canada defines positive mental health as:
“the capacity of each and all of us to feel, think, act in ways that enhance our ability to enjoy life and deal with the challenges we face. It is a positive sense of emotional and spiritual well-being that respects the importance of culture, equity, social justice, interconnections and personal dignity.”
Institutional links. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2017, from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/mh-sm/mhp-psm/index-eng.php.
“Mental illnesses are characterized by alterations in thinking; mood or behaviour associated with significant distress and impaired functioning. They result from complex interactions of biological, psychosocial, economic and genetic factors. Mental illnesses can affect individuals of any age; however, they often appear by adolescence or early adulthood. There are many different types of mental illnesses, and they can range from single, short-lived episodes to chronic disorders.”
Canada, P. H. (2015, July 23). Report from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System: Mental Illness in Canada, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2017, from https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/publications/diseases-conditions/report-canadian-chronic-disease-surveillance-system-mental-illness-canada-2015.html.